English Essay on Allama Iqbal with Outlines For Students of All Classes
Allama Muhammad Iqbal was a poet with philosophical thoughts. He was also a politician in British India who played a great role in Pakistan Movement. He has his literary work in both the Persian and Urdu languages. He has been declared as national poet of Pakistan. Allama Iqbal is admired as a prominent thinker and poet by Pakistanis Iranians Indians Bangladeshis and other international scholars. Though Allama Iqbal is best known as an eminent poet he is also a highly respected Muslim philosopher and mystic whose ideas greatly influenced the Pakistan Movement. In addition to his poetry Iqbal wrote books on his politics philosophy and religion. His best known work is The Reconstruction of Religious Thought in Islam in which he proposes a theory of religious experience and knowledge based on reason and intuition.
Allama Muhammad Iqbal was a Muslim poet philosopher and politician born in British India in the late 19th century. Allama Iqbal is considered one of the most important figures in Urdu literature with his poetry being translated into many languages. He is also credited with inspiring the Pakistan Movement which led to the creation of Pakistan as an independent nation in 1947. Iqbal’s poetry often focuses on topics such as Islamic mysticism philosophy and social reform.
Allama Iqbal Early Life & Education
Allama Muhammad Iqbal was born on 9th November 1877 in Sialkot. His father Sheikh Noor Muhammad was a tailor not a wealthy man by any means. However he ensured that his children received the best education possible. Allama Iqbal completed his primary and secondary education in his hometown before moving to Lahore to attend the Government College Lahore. He then went on to study at the University of Cambridge and later at the University of Munich. The The Development of Metaphysics in Persia was the topic of Phd research paper in Germany.
Essay on Allama Iqbal, Poetry, Life, Services, Career, Books, Philosophy, Legacy
Allama Iqbal is renowned for his poetry which often speaks of Islamic values and spirituality. He is also known for his advocacy of an independent Muslim state in the north-western regions of British India. Iqbal was a strong critic of British colonial rule in India and is considered one of the most important figures in the Pakistan Movement. He passed away on 21st April 1938.
Allama Iqbal as Lawyer & Philosopher
Allama Muhammad Iqbal was a Muslim lawyer and philosopher. Iqbal is best known for his philosophical work which explores the relationship between God man and the universe. Iqbal’s philosophy is based on the Islamic principle of tawhid which holds that there is only one God. Allama Iqbal also believed that man is a creative being who has the potential to attain spiritual perfection. In addition to his philosophical work Iqbal also wrote poetry and essays on a variety of topics. His philosophy blends elements of Islamic mysticism with Western rationalism, and he is considered to be one of the fathers of Pakistan.
Allama Iqbal as Poet of the East
He is considered one of the most important figures in Urdu literature and is known as the “Poet of the East.” Iqbal’s poetic works are written primarily in Persian but he also wrote many poems in Urdu and Hindi. His poetry explores themes of philosophy religion and politics and his work has been translated into numerous languages. Iqbal is also credited with helping to revive interest in the study of Islam and its history. Allama Iqbal is best known for his poem “Jawab-e-Shikwah,” which has been widely recited throughout the world. Here is the list of Iqbal’s poetry books;
Israr e Khudi
Zabur e Ajam
Zabur e Mashrid
Ilm ul Iqtsad
Ramuz e Behhudi
Payam e Mashriq
Armughan e Hijaz
Bang e Dira
Bal e Jibril
Zarb e Kalim
Allama Muhammad Iqbal as Politician
After studying in England and Germany Iqbal returned to British India and started practicing as a lawyer. In the 1920s Iqbal became involved in politics and he played a key role in the progress of the Muslim League. He also championed the cause of an independent Muslim state in the northwest of British India which eventually became Pakistan. Allama Iqbal is revered as a national hero in Pakistan and his birthday is celebrated as a national holiday. He gave the idea of separate homeland for Muslims of India in his Allahabad address as the President of All India Muslim League. He represented the Indian Muslims in round table congress too. He won the Punjab assembly seat from Lahore. He was the best friend and advisor of Quaid e Azam.
Allama Iqbal as Leader of Indian Muslims
Iqbal is considered one of the most influential figures in Urdu literature and his poetry is often recited and referenced in Pakistan. Iqbal’s poetry and philosophy inspired the Pakistan Movement in the 1930s and 1940s which led to the creation of Pakistan as an independent Muslim state in 1947. Iqbal is also revered as one of the most important thinkers in the Muslim world and his ideas on Islam democracy and modernity have shaped political thought in Pakistan and beyond. No one can forget his services for people and freedom struggle of Kashmir.
Allama Iqbal Services & Legacy
Iqbal is considered one of the most important figures in Urdu literature with his poetry being translated into many languages. Iqbal is admired as a prominent thinker and writer who promoted independence democracy and religious tolerance in South Asia. He is also credited with helping to shape the identity of Pakistan. The Pakistani government has honoured Allama Iqbal by naming numerous institutions after him including the country’s national library and its main airport. Iqbal prepared the Quaid e Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah for providing the leadership to Indian Muslims. His son Javed Iqbal served as chief justice of Punjab High Court and judge of Supreme court.
Allama Iqbal a Co-Founder of Pakistan
Allama Iqbal is also considered a co-founder of Pakistan with Quaid e Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah. He prepared the Indian Muslims for fighting for their rights. He organized the All India Muslim League in Punjab. He spread the idea of Pakistan through his poetry. He used his poetry for positive purposes. Allama Iqbal is even respected in India. Nehru was his big fan. Now a days large number of local and international universities are giving Phd degrees on Allama Muhammad Iqbal. I am also student of Iqbaliat. You must also read his philosophy of positive ego (Khudi), his Islamic thoughts and poetry.
Conclusion: Allama Iqbal was a great poet and philosopher. His poetry and philosophy are still very much relevant today.