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Hajj in Islam, History, Rituals, Cost, Dates, Packages, Benefits, Tips & 7 Steps

What is Hajj? Hajj-e-Badal, History of Kabah & Hajj, Visit to Madina, Importance, Spiritual Benefits & Difference With Umrah (Urdu & English)
Hajj is an Islamic pilgrimage to Mecca and the largest annual gathering of Muslims in the world. The Hajj is a most important pillar of Islam. It is mandatory religious obligation for wealthy male and female Muslims. Financially capable Muslims perform Hajj at least once in their whole life. Pilgrims must be physically fit and should be able to bear the expenditures of Hakk and their family during their absence from home.


The Hajj occurs from the 8th to 12th of Dhu al-Hijjah the last month of the Islamic calendar. Every adult Muslim who can afford to bear the expenditure of hajj is bound to perform the pilgrimage to Mecca at least once in his or her life span.



History of Kaaba

The Kaaba is a cube-shaped structure. It is situated in Mecca, a city of Saudi Arabia. Kabah is the most sacred place for Muslims of the world. The building has a mosque built around it the Masjid al-Haram. All Muslims around the world face the Kaaba during prayer.


The Kabah was originally built Hazarat Adam A.S and it is also said that he was also buried inside Kabah which was the first mosque on earth. Then later on the Prophet Abraham A.S and his son Ishmael A.D rebuilt the Kabah and started Hajj by calling the people towards Kabah. It is believed that it originally contained 360 idols that represented the days of the year. Over time it became a place of pilgrimage for Arabs from all over the region.


Hajj in Islam, History, Rituals, Cost, Dates, Packages, Benefits, Tips & 7 Steps (Urdu & English)


In 630 AD Muhammad conquered Mecca and destroyed all of the idols inside the Kaaba. He then declared it to be the holiest site in Islam. The Kaaba has been rebuilt several times since then most recently in 2006.



Hajj & Visit of Madina

Muslims of all races and nationalities perform the Hajj annually. The journey to Mecca is known as the Hajj a mandatory religious duty for Muslims that must be carried out at least once in their lifetime by all those who are able physically and financially capable of undertaking it. The five-day hajj begins on the eighth day of Dhu al-Hijjah the twelfth and final month of the Islamic calendar. Madina is a city in Saudi Arabia located north of Mecca. It is also known as Yathrib and Al Madinah. It is the second-holiest city in Islam after Mecca and served as the Prophet Muhammad’s (PBUH) first home after his Hijrah (migration) from Mecca. During Hajj every Muslim also visit Madina and offer special prayers in Masjid e Nabwi. Although visit of Madina is not integral part of Hajj, still no Muslim can even think to avoid it just because of their unlimited love and respect for Holy Prophet Hazrat Muhammad PBUH.

7 Steps of the Hajj

The Hajj is a five-day Islamic pilgrimage to Mecca Saudi Arabia. It is one of the 5 main pillars of Islam and every adult rich Muslim is required to perform Hajj once in his life. The Hajj is a journey of faith and its rituals are designed to strip away material concerns and allow pilgrims to focus on their relationship with God.

There are 7 steps that must be completed during the Hajj:

1. Ihram: pilgrims dress in simple white garments and declare their intention to perform the Hajj. This is the sign of the beginning of the hajj rituals. This is the state of sanctity that must be assumed before entering the holy sites of Mecca. All pilgrims must wear simple, unadorned clothing and refrain from sexual activity, shaving, and haircuts.

2. Tawaf: This is the circling of the Kaaba, the holiest site in Islam. It is performed seven times clockwise, and is a symbol of humanity’s submission to Allah.

3. Sa’i: This is the walking between the hills of Safa and Marwa, which is to symbolize the trials that Ibrahim’s wife, Hajara, went through when searching for water for her son.

4. Mina: This is the stoning of the devil, which is done by throwing pebbles at three pillars that represent the devil.

5. Arafat: This is the Day of Forgiveness, which is spent in prayers and supplications at the Mount of Mercy.

6. Muzdalifa: This is the gathering of pebbles for the stoning of the devil.

7. Eid al-Adha: This is the festival of sacrifice, which is celebrated with the slaughter of an animal. The meat and beef is then distributed among the poor & needy people.


Eid ul Adha Essay in English


What is Hajj?

Hajj is an annual Islamic pilgrimage to Mecca and Madina Saudi Arabia the most holy city for Muslims. Every able-bodied Muslim is required to perform Hajj at least once in their lifetime if they can afford it. The five-day journey consists of a series of rituals that are meant to cleanse the soul and bring believers closer to God. Hajj is both physically and spiritually demanding and it is not uncommon for pilgrims to faint or even die from exhaustion during the journey.


Importance of Hajj in Islam

A Muslim’s journey to Mecca – the Hajj – is a religious obligation that must be carried out at least once in a lifetime if he or she is able to do so. The pilgrimage occurs during the Islamic month of Dhu al-Hijjah and lasts for five days. The Hajj is one of the five pillars of Islam alongside the Profession of Faith Prayer Almsgiving and Fasting.


The main purpose of the Hajj is to promote solidarity among Muslims and to remind them of the equality of all believers before God. It also provides an opportunity for Muslims to express their thanks to God for His blessings and to seek His forgiveness.


Ministry of Hajj Functions

The Saudi government’s Ministry of Hajj and Umrah is responsible for managing the pilgrimage to Mecca known as the hajj. The hajj is a religious duty that must be carried out by every able-bodied Muslim at least once in their lifetime. The ministry provides various services to pilgrims including issuing visas transport and accommodation. It also regulates the number of pilgrims who can perform the hajj each year in order to ensure safety and order.


Difference Between Hajj & Umrah

The Hajj is an Islamic pilgrimage to Mecca that must be undertaken at least once in a lifetime by all adult Muslims who are physically and financially able to do so. The Umrah on the other hand is a pilgrimage that can be undertaken at any time of year and is not compulsory.


Hajj Rituals

The Hajj is a proof of the fact that Muslim can sacrifice their life, wealth and everything for the Almighty Allah. It also serves to remind pilgrims of the Day of Judgment when all people will stand equal before God and serves as a physical manifestation of equality.


During Hajj pilgrims perform a series of rituals intended to cleanse them of sin and to bring them closer to God. These include walking seven times around the Kaaba (the holiest site in Islam) running back and forth between the hills of Safa and Marwah drinking from the Zamzam well and throwing stones at pillars representing Satan.



History of Hajj

The Hajj journey has both spiritual and political significance. For Muslims it is a chance to cleanse themselves of sin and to remember the struggles of their ancestors. For the Saudi government it is an opportunity to showcase the country’s religious credentials and to project power on the global stage.


The first recorded Hajj took place in 632 CE just a year after the Prophet Muhammad’s death. At that time Mecca was a small city-state ruled by a clan known as the Quraysh. Muhammad belonged to the Quraysh but he had been preaching a new religion – Islam – which was seen as a threat by the clan’s leaders. When Muhammad and his followers attempted to make the pilgrimage to Mecca in 628 CE they were turned away. This led to the outbreak of hostilities.


Hajj Cost & Dates

The Hajj is a pilgrimage to Mecca that is required of all able-bodied Muslims at least once in their lifetime. The Hajj typically takes place over a period of five days in the Islamic month of Dhu al-Hijjah.


The cost of the Hajj can vary depending on a number of factors such as the time of year the method of travel and the country of origin. Generally speaking however the cost of the Hajj can range from 700000 PKR to 120000 PKR.


Spiritual Benefits of Hajj

The Hajj is a journey of self-discovery and spiritual cleansing where pilgrims are brought closer to Allah through a series of rituals. These include circumambulating the Kaaba walking between the hills of Safa and Marwah and standing in prayer on Mount Arafat. The Hajj is also an opportunity for Muslims to meet people from all over the world and create bonds of brotherhood and sisterhood. Through these experiences pilgrims gain a deeper understanding of their faith and are better able to lead pious lives when they return home.


What is Hajj-e-Badal?

Hajj-e-Badal is a pilgrimage to Mecca that can be undertaken in lieu of the obligatory Hajj. It is often undertaken by those who are unable to make the journey themselves such as the elderly or infirm. The term Hajj-e-Badal literally means “substitute Hajj”.



Hajj Packages

Hajj Packages are a set of services offered to Muslim pilgrims who wish to go on the Hajj the annual Islamic pilgrimage to Mecca. Many types of Hajj packages are offered by private hajj travel agencies. Some agencies offer all in one packages that cover transportation in Makkah and Madina, three times meal and accommodation as well as other services like visa processing and guide, while others just provide transportation, food and stay. Many travel agencies and Muslim organizations offer Hajj Packages which can vary significantly in price and quality. It is important to select a package after research as per your needs and affordability.


Hajj Application Form, Instructions In Urdu



Super Tips For Hajj Travel

The Hajj is a pilgrimage to the city of Mecca in Saudi Arabia. It is one of the largest annual gatherings of people in the world and is a mandatory religious duty for Muslims. If you are planning on undertaking the Hajj there are a few things you should keep in mind.


First and foremost make sure you are physically and mentally prepared for the journey. The Hajj can be taxing both physically and emotionally. You should also be aware of the cultural differences between your home country and Saudi Arabia so that you can be respectful of local customs. You must respect the local customs & traditions of Saudi Arabia. This is a religious pilgrimage and it is important to show respect for those who live in Mecca and the surrounding area.


Secondly ensure that you have all the necessary documents for your journey including a valid passport and visa. You will also need to get a health certificate from a licensed doctor in order to prove that you are fit to make the pilgrimage.


Thirdly start planning your trip well in advance. For better preparation you should start your planning as early as possible.


Fourthly make sure you are familiar with the requirements of Hajj before you travel. There are certain rituals that must be observed and it is important to know what they are before you go.


Fifthly travel with a group of like-minded people. This will make your Hajj journey more comfortable and provide you required support when needed.



Finally familiarize yourself with the layout of Mecca before you arrive. This will help you navigate your way around the city during the Hajj. Make sure you have adequate travel insurance. This is a once in a lifetime. If you are going to perform Hajj this year, then do remember team in your prayers. In the last now you may read the details about Hajj in Islam in Urdu language;