Everything You Need To Know About Lumpy Skin Disease LSD in Livestock (Urdu and English)
In start of 2022 Lumpy skin disease has spread in Pakistan specially in Sindh and KPK provinces. People of these two provinces have stopped eating beef, that’s why price of chicken has increases a lot in these two areas. Majority of Pakistani people have no information about LSD, that’s why studysolutions.pk has decided to write this post. First of all i admin of this website study solutions want to inform you that very very rare cases have been reported about transfer of LSD or its some symptoms in humans, so you may eat beef without any fear, just cook is rightly. You may also drink the milk of affected cows and buffaloes. Please do not spread rumours and panic among the masses about this disease. Vaccine of this disease is available. Just try to spray insecticides in your cattle form and vaccinate them right now.
In this post we shall share information gathered from media and internet on the Lumpy skin disease in cattle symptoms, LSD causes, LSD diagnosis, precautions for avoiding Lumpy skin disease among livestock and treatment of LSD both in Urdu and English languages.
1. What is Lumpy Skin Disease (LSD)?
Lumpy skin disease is a type of viral skin disease that can cause outbreaks of itchy lesions. Lumpy skin disease (LSD) is one of several types of contagious skin disease. Outbreaks of LSD typically occur in summer and fall months, although there have been cases reported in spring and winter. The virus that causes LSD can be transmitted through contact with an infected animal or a person who has the disease. Most people recover without treatment after a few days to a few weeks.
2. How is LSD Spread?
The two most common forms of lumpy skin disease (LSD) in cattle are the contagious form that can spread quickly, and the benign, non-contagious form. Infected cattle may appear scaly, crusty, and often have small bumps on the skin that are hard and scabby, but these symptoms are not always present. The disease usually presents as a reddish brown rash, though this presentation is not characteristic. Its cause is capripox virus.
3. When Should I be Concerned?
The lumpy skin disease (LSD) virus is carried by cattle tick, and is also spread by contaminated animal feed, water, clothing, and equipment. Symptoms are similar to those of other diseases of cattle, such as bovine ephemeral fever (BEF), bovine viral diarrhea (BVD), and bluetongue. LSD is most commonly seen in dairy operations, but can affect beef and mixed farms as well. The most common symptoms are a red, scabby, wart-like lesion on the skin of the affected animal. This usually appears on the skin of the tailhead, neck, or udder, and can sometimes spread over the entire body. In some cases, the disease is so severe that the animal may die.
To diagnose lumpy skin disease (LSD) in cattle, first the animal must be examined for lesions. If the animal has lesions, the veterinarian will perform a scraping and send the tissue off for analysis. If the animal does not have any lesions, but has other symptoms of LSD, the sample will be tested for antibodies. This is done with a rapid test, which takes about 20 minutes to provide results. If the sample is positive, the veterinarian can treat the animal with an injection. If the sample is negative, the veterinarian will be able to administer a vaccine.
4. What are the Common Symptoms?
1.The common symptoms of lumpy skin disease (LSD) in cattle are the following:
2. Bovine herpesvirus type I (BHV-
3. and BHV-2 cause the disease.
4. LSD is a contagious disease and it is spread by the respiratory tract.
5. It is most commonly seen in dairy cattle.
6. It can also affect beef cattle, sheep and goats.
7. It is most common in the summer months.
8. The most common form of the disease is in the feet and hocks.
9. A bull with an open sore is at greater risk of passing on the disease.
10. Infection can be fatal.
11. Animals that have been treated for one case of the disease are considered immune to future infections.
5. What is the Treatment for LSD?
The first thing that should be done is to quarantine the farm where the animal is located. This helps protect all other animals on the farm from contracting the disease. If that doesn’t work, you can also treat the skin disease with a vaccine and antibiotics. This will keep the symptoms under control, but it won’t be able to cure the infection. Once the animal is completely healthy, then it can be safely transported to another farm where it can recover and give birth to healthy calves.
6. Are There Any Precautions for Preventing LSD?
Yes give special attention to hygiene and distance between animals. Vaccinate them against LSD specially in the time of epidemic. You may also try homeopathic medicines for avoiding LSD in livestock. Just sulphur 30 10 drops 4 times a day can save your cattle from death Inshaa Allah. Last but not least always consult your veterinary doctor before any medication. Now read the details in Urdu about Lumpy skin disease in Pakistan.
Lumpy Skin Disease in Cattle, Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis, Precautions, Treatment-Pakistan